Transition planning allows an IEP team to consider the Preferences, Interests, Needs and Strengths of individual students in order move students toward achieving their post secondary goals. Person centered planning, family involvement, program structure and ongoing assessment is crucial in this process.
The purpose of IDEA is to ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a free appropriate public education (FAPE) that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs and prepare them for further education, employment and independent living [34 CFR 300.1(a)] [20 U.S.C. 1400(d)(1)(A)].
Ohio specifically requires that:
- Comprehensive secondary transition planning and provision of transition services begin not later than the first IEP to be in effect when the child is 14 years of age;
- Transition services include the development of employment in an integrated competitive environment; and
- Transition services shall be provided by individuals who have the competencies, experiences and training required to meet the individual student's transition service needs.